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Strawberry Cultivars

PhotoDescription
 Sweet Sensation
Sweet Sensation®
‘Florida127’

U.S. Patent 25,574
Released 2013

Sweet Sensation® is distinctive for its combination of high early and total yields, large fruit size and excellent fruit quality due to high sugars, fruity aroma, firm but juicy texture and extended shelf life. The external color of the fruit is light red, similar to the fruit color of Winterstar™. The plant is upright and moderately vigorous, and planting dates and fertilization rates should be adjusted accordingly. This cultivar is resistant to anthracnose fruit rot and moderately resistant to charcoal rot and Colletotrichum crown rot but is susceptible to Botrytis fruit rot, powdery mildew and Phytophthora root rot.

 winterstar
Winterstar™
‘FL 05-107’

U.S. Patent 23,042
Released 2011

Winterstar™ may be the earliest strawberry variety released from the UF breeding program, with slightly earlier bearing in Florida compared to ‘Florida Radiance’. It also has a more sturdy plant habit that ‘Florida Radiance’. This cultivar has exceptionally uniform fruit in Florida production which are quite firm. The fruit do not darken significantly in the cooler, maintaining bright color. The fruit also have a sweet flavor due to low acids. This genotype is moderately resistant to anthracnose fruit rot, charcoal rot, and Colletotrichum crown rot but is susceptible to Botrytis fruit rot and Phytophthora root rot.

 florida-radiance
‘Florida Radiance’

U.S. Patent 20,363
Released 2008

This strawberry genotype is named ‘Florida Radiance’ because of the attractive luster of its fruit. ‘Florida Radiance’ has a more open-plant habit than ‘Strawberry Festival’ which, along with fruit that are attached to long pedicels, makes the plant easy to harvest. In recent studies, ‘Florida Radiance’ has produced higher yields than ‘Strawberry Festival’ in February. ‘Florida Radiance’ has maintained good fruit size throughout the main production period in plots at the University of Florida, and on several commercial farms in west-central Florida and southwest Spain. ‘Florida Radiance’ is moderately resistant to Colletotrichum crown rot and anthracnose fruit rots but is moderately susceptible to Botrytis fruit rot and is highly susceptible to Phytophthora root rot.

 florida-elyana
‘Florida Elyana’

U.S. Patent PP21,317
Released 2008

‘Florida Elyana’ strawberry has produced large, flavorful fruit from December through March in experimental plots and in a high-tunnel trial on a commercial farm in western portions of Central Florida. This cultivar has also shown promise in high and low-tunnel trials on commercial farms in Spain, Morocco, and Egypt. ‘Florida Elyana’ is smaller and also a lower-stature plant than ‘Strawberry Festival’. The habit of ‘Florida Elyana’, along with fruit that are attached to long pedicels, makes the plant easy to harvest. This cultivar is recommended for trial in areas of winter and spring production where strawberries are grown in tunnels or dry environments and is a tough plant moderately to highly resistant to a number of diseases.

 winter-dawn
‘Winter Dawn’

U.S. Patent PP21,558
Released 2005

‘Winter Dawn’ can produce higher November through February yields (in central Florida) than other cultivars when planted the last week of September or the first week of October. Also, this cultivar can produce relative large fruit on small plants, and like ‘Carmine’ its fruit is resistant to botrytis and anthracnose fruit rots. ‘Winter Dawn’ produces numerous runners (stolons) in the nursery but relatively few runners after being transplanted to the fruiting field.

 rubygem
‘Rubygem’

U.S. Patent PP17,464
Released 2003

This cultivar is a joint release with Dr. Mark Herrington of Queensland Primary Industries. Primarily grown and sold in Australia, ‘Rubygem’ has an excellent sugar acid balance, which gives it a sweet tasting flavor. ‘Rubygem’ has a moderate level of rain tolerance with skin cracking and etching of the fruit surface around the seeds. In Florida, blotchy ripening can also occur in wet weather if nutritional balance is not correct. This clone was named ‘Rubygem’ for its attractive deep, ruby red color.

 carmine
‘Carmine’

U.S. Patent PP18,261
Released 2002

‘Carmine’ can produce high mid-season yields in central Florida. Its fruit contain generous levels of antioxidants. High density plantings of Carmine (up to 33,000 plants per acre) have been successful because of the compact nature of the plant, and the fact that ‘Carmine’ has good resistance to botrytis and anthracnose fruit rots. A compact plant habit and relatively long and stiff pedicels result in many flowers and fruit that are exposed, making the fruit easy to harvest but also vulnerable to rain and freeze damage. This clone was named ‘Carmine’ because of the deep red color of its fruit.

 strawberry-festival
‘Strawberry Festival’

U.S. Patent PP14,739
Released 2000

‘Strawberry Festival’ dominated the Florida industry for almost a decade until 2012 and is a grower favorite because it has a sturdy bush that is easy to harvest, doesn’t yield huge quantities of fruit on any one date, and produces very few cull fruit. It is a supermarket favorite because its fruit are attractive, fit well in one pound clamshell containers, and have a long shelf life. The vigorous plant tends to produce sturdy runner plants in the nursery. This clone was named ‘Strawberry Festival’ in recognition of the Florida Strawberry Festival, an annual festival in Plant City that celebrates the abundant crop of berries harvested in eastern Hillsborough County during late February and early March.

 earlibrite
‘Earlibrite’

U.S. Patent PP13,061
Released 2000

‘Earlibrite’ was released as an alternative to ‘Sweet Charlie’ whose fruit shipment and shelf life were problematic due to its lack of firmness. 'Earlibrite' produces high early-season (December through February) yields of large, flavorful fruit; but it does have a tendency to produce some misshapen fruit. The clone was named 'Earlibrite' because of its high early-season production of bright red fruit, and to honor Earl Albregts, a soil scientist who spent his entire professional career (1967-1996) at GCREC-Dover.

 rosa-linda
‘Rosa Linda’

U.S. Patent PP9,866
Released 1996

‘Rosa Linda’ produces high early season yields of attractive, flavorful fruit, and has moderate resistance to Botrytis fruit rot. Firmness of ‘Rosa Linda’ fruit is only moderate, and this cultivar has a tendency to produce many small berries late in the season. The clone was named Rosa Linda (pretty rose in Spanish) because of the pleasant rose aroma sometimes detected when the fruit is eaten.

 sweet-charlie
‘Sweet Charlie’

U.S. Patent PP8,729
Released 1992

Although ‘Sweet Charlie’ is no longer an important cultivar in west central Florida because of the short shelf life of its fruit during warm weather, it can still be useful for strawberry growers in other areas of southeastern U.S who want early, flavorful fruit to sell directly to the consumer. ‘Sweet Charlie’ often produces higher fruit yields from December through February than any other available variety. It was also the only variety adapted to central Florida that was resistant to anthracnose fruit rot at the time of its release. This clone was named in honor of the late Charles (Charlie) Howard, plant pathologist at the University of Florida’s Gulf Coast Research and Education Center from 1967 to 1991.

‘Florida Belle’
and ‘Dover’

Released 1975 and 1979, respectively

Both ‘Florida Belle’ and ‘Dover’ had good resistance to anthracnose and were higher yielding than the California cultivars that were grown in central Florida at the time. However, neither one became a dominant cultivar in the industry because of fruit quality problems. Fruit of ‘Florida Belle’ was prone to bruising and uneven color development. ‘Dover’ had a tendency to produce many small (unmarketable) fruit at the end of its March picking cycle, and its fruit was occasionally perceived by brokers as being too dark.

‘Florida Ninety’

Released 1952

Florida Ninety was introduced in 1952, and quickly became the dominant variety grown in Florida. Its yields were as much as three times higher than those of Missionary, the variety it replaced, and it had a moderately high degree of resistance to crown rot. Florida Ninety remained the standard variety in central Florida until the mid-1960s, at which time it was replaced by ‘Dabreak’, a Louisiana variety susceptible to crown rot, but with better shipping quality than Florida Ninety.